Pig Health

Porcine Care Notes


  • Average life expectancy; 8-10yrs
  • Reaches puberty and ready for breeding at 7mths old
  • Gestation: 114 days
  • Height; 55-110cm (miniature pigs are not a registered breed and will grow to become a full sized pig.)
  • Weight; roughly 220kg


  • Pigs are omnivorous, however should not be fed meat scraps, due to the risk of disease spread.
  • Commercial pig pellets are available, these need to be given in moderation as they are high in fat and protein and can cause rapid weight gain. An adult pig could have ¼ of a 10L bucket daily.
  • Pigs will also graze.
  • Veggie scraps are great for pigs. Barley, wheat, corn, sorghum, carrots, potatoes, silver beet, parsnips, turnips and swedes are good options.


  • Ensure you have strong fences as pigs are very strong and can easily destroy fences.
  • Pigs can learn to respect electric fences.
  • Ensure your pig has shelter as they can easily develop heat stress.
  • Pigs will naturally root around in the ground, causing holes and mud, so do not be too attached to the lawn you place them on!
  • Provide your pig with a mud pit for bathing and rooting.


  • A pig will run straight through your legs, and if they are 200kg this can cause some damage, therefore to move your pig from A to B carry a solid board in front of your legs to shepherd them along.


  • Your pig may need its claws trimmed biannually depending on their rate of wear. This can be done by your veterinarian. Your pig will most likely require sedation.
  • Your pig should be vaccinated annually. Diseases to protect against include; E. coli, erysipelas, leptospirosis, mycoplasma, parvovirus, actinobacillosis pleuropneumonia (APP), Glässer’s disease (Haemophilus parasuis), and ileitis (Lawsonia intracellularis.)
  • Worm your pig biannually (nilverm is a good product to use.)