Goats

Goat

 

 

 

 

 

 

Goat Care Notes

Nutrition:

*Goats are naturally foragers. They will not simply graze on weeds or grass, but will have a chew on any bushes or trees in their reach. Be sure to keep valuable   trees/plants away from them.

* Goats will not always eat the weeds on offer at your property. For example if you have purchased a goat to control your wandering dew problem you will find the goats  will tend to ignore this and focus on your grass or fruit trees!

*Goat muesli can be provided a couple of times per week (1/4 of a 10L bucket twice a week) when grass is low. Do not overdo their muesli intake as goats will gain  weight readily and can even bloat in the stomach.

*Provide lucerne chaff (1/2 a 10L bucket) or a lucerne/grass hay biscuit from a hay bale for extra roughage in the diet for three days per week.

* Vegetable scraps can be given; green leafy vegetables, apples, rock melon, pumpkin, sweet potato, carrots, cucumber, etc. Avoid corn cobs or potatoes as they can  cause choking. Avoid excessive amounts of grapes as they can cause kidney failure. Avoid onions as they can cause anaemia.

* Always provide plenty of clean water.

 

Housing

* Goats are very adept at escaping! They will head butt fences to cause them to bend or climb up fences to reach trees. Any small hole or low fence will allow a goat to  escape with ease. Fencing must be ringlock goat fencing.

* Tethering is an option as goats will happily wear collars, however be aware that goats will tangle themselves very easily.

*Always provide shelter from the rain or direct sunlight

 

Health care

*Have the hooves trimmed with hoof shears every three months to prevent lameness, the hooves from cracking or from infections developing in the feet. This can be  done by your local veterinarian. Avoid trimming the hooves if you are inexperienced as this can cause the goats to become lame if certain points are taken back too  short.

* Goats need to be vaccinated against clostridial diseases; If previously unvaccinated; give two 5 in 1 vaccines one month apart, followed by an annual vaccine.

* Goats need to be wormed to prevent weight loss and diarrhoea; give your goat an oral wormer (caprimec or panacur) twice a year (Spring and Winter) or according to  faecal egg counts (laboratory tested egg burdens found in the faeces).